Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2018, Page: 30-36
A Survival Analysis of Invasive Breast Cancer Patients with and Without in Situ Neoplasm
Karim Atashgar, Industrial Engineering Department, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Ayeh Sheikhaliyan, Industrial Engineering Department, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Mina Tajvidi, Radiotherapy and Oncology Department, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
Received: Jun. 7, 2018;       Accepted: Jun. 25, 2018;       Published: Jul. 17, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijssam.20180302.13      View  566      Downloads  23
In situ neoplasm (or Carcinoma in situ (CIS)) is expression of malignant epithelial cells. This flat lesion is referred to as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). Considering neoplasm leads one to an effectiveness survival analysis compared to the case that neoplasm is not attended. The objective of this research is to analyze statistically survival of invasive breast cancer patients considering 1) with in situ neoplasm, and 2) without in situ neoplasm, and providing a comparative analysis. This study attempts to reveal that the both medical history (such as diabetes, hypertension, and internal glands disorders such as hypo- and hyperthyroidism) and extra capsular extension play important roles in the hazard function of a patient’s survival analysis. This statistical study indicates that 1) the survival rate of breast cancer patients with in situ neoplasm is more than one who is not initially supported by invasive carcinoma, and 2) in the case of existence of the both in situ neoplasm and invasive malignancy, after the 4th year, the life expectancy is increased compared to the one with only invasive malignant. The statistical analysis indicates that pathology type is recognized as a high hazard factor for a breast cancer patient.
Survival Analysis, Invasive Breast Cancer, In Situ Neoplasm, Cox Regression
To cite this article
Karim Atashgar, Ayeh Sheikhaliyan, Mina Tajvidi, A Survival Analysis of Invasive Breast Cancer Patients with and Without in Situ Neoplasm, International Journal of Systems Science and Applied Mathematics. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2018, pp. 30-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ijssam.20180302.13
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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